Saturday, 17 June 2017

(205) Revision of higher order time derivatives of sexual culture

Basic Dimension

Number Archive

The operational definition of human religion will be more parsimonious if we get rid of the theoretical mess I created earlier.

This revision will make the model of sexual religion much easier to follow. We remove the misleading scientific analog of higher order time derivatives, which we liked to explain the in depth development of human religion. Now, we are free to develop better coping mechanisms with religious dimensionality.

The older model of higher order time derivatives is untenable and is replaced by a simpler model consisting only of first order time derivatives. This means all religious measures are based on first order time derivatives.

Earlier, I erroneously used higher order time derivatives of sexual culture trying to fit the growing complexity of religious concepts in the evolution: 

But I confused derivatives with religious measures. There is no connection. Of course 'reincarnation into the parallel universe' is a 'function of reincarnation into the earthly universe'. But the connection with derivatives is spurious and erroneous. '

Religious concepts (e.g. reincarnation) lead to religious measures, which are taken always on the first order time derivative of sexual culture. So we repair this interpretation error by disconnecting derivatives and religious measures as follows:

Only zero and first order time derivatives are maintained:

Also we revise the operational definition of human religion:


Assumption 256: Human religion is concluded from the first order time derivative of sexual culture and sets the rules for steering sexuality by ethical norms and values. Therefore it looks like religion comes from God. There are rational and irrational (magical) religious measures on sexual culture. Humans try to find that measure which leads sexual culture to the eternal existence in another universe. They are trying to find the 'timelessness derivative' of sexuality: perpetual orgasm in the parallel universe.

For a longer time I grasped there was something wrong with the derivative theory. And with Homo naledi I came up with the idea of rational and irrational brains leading to rational and magical religious measures. 

Then I concluded Homo naledi might have been the first to develop the basic structure of the healthy human brain taking only rational measures. A tiny brain without cauliflower expansion.

It is how to use your brain to show you have brains. Then Homo naledi could show more brains with less brain. Showing brains by Homo naledi (rebirth) is to operate more rationally than Homo erectus (reincarnation), since rebirth is more rational than reincarnation, which needs more magical thinking (a soul). 

In my view Homo naledi adhered 'rebirth without soul' while Homo sapiens got lost into irrational religious measures as 'reincarnation into the earthly and the parallel universe', which might be more severe magical nonsense. 

From now on all religious measures should be taken from the first order time derivative. Then there is no fundamental difference left between human and animal religion. The difference is just gradual. So next picture is wrong:

Below we see a mixture of rational and irrational religious measures, which will be taken as quite normal in future analyses. In the first picture we see 'genetic immortality in descendants' (religion) which is an irrational measure on inbreeding cultures, because of confounding sexuality with tribal identity (male kin bonded lineage with cousin marriages), which does not bring genetic immortality any nearer:

In fact the inbreeding culture works towards 'phenotypic mortality', which is dying out from autosomal recessive disorders.

On the other hand, outbreeding is a rational measure focused on genetic immortality:

So, we recognize rational and irrational religious measures on the first order time derivative. 

In about the same way the concept of 'reincarnation' is an irrational and magical measure with the interesting complication of promoting inbreeding by the enforced production of inbred bodies. This is an irrational measure on inbreeding for an irrational goal (reincarnation):

Assumption 153: With the invention of earthly reincarnation inbreeding lost its rational connection with genetic immortality and now became magically bound to earthly reincarnation. And in a way it still made sense. Males could only reincarnate safely into their own tribe if they enforced inbreeding on women during lifetime. Hence, inbreeding was not meant for immortality of their genes any longer, but instead inbred bodies served for reincarnation. And this latter relation became the principal connection in the inbreeding instinct, because it was the best reinforcer of inbreeding.

This revision will make the model of sexual religion much easier to follow. We removed the misleading scientific analog of higher order time derivatives, which we liked to explain the in depth development of human religion. Now, we are free to develop better coping mechanisms with religious dimensionality.


The brains of Homo naledi

Homo naledi must have been very intelligent. We know, chimps can be very clever too, but Homo naledi with his orange-seized brains must have had already quite different cerebral convolutions.

It’s not the size of your brain, it’s how you organise it. The most recently discovered species of early human had a skull only slightly larger than a chimpanzee’s, but its brain looked surprisingly like our own – particularly in an area of the frontal lobe with links to language.

This could back suggestions that these mysterious early humans showed advanced behaviours, such as teamwork and burial, even though we still don’t know exactly when they lived.

Burial rites

It had a peculiar mix of anatomical features, which is part of what makes it hard to tell when the species lived. But what really set tongues wagging was the suggestion by Berger and his colleagues that H. naledi had deliberately disposed of its dead in this deep, dark, difficult-to-reach cave chamber full of remains.

Such an endeavour probably required emotional sophistication, not to mention teamwork, to carry out the task, but H. naledi’s skull was less than half the size of our own. Could its tiny brain have powered such advanced behaviour?

Tiny human

What excites the team most is a region on the side of H. naledi’s frontal lobe called Brodmann area 45, part of Broca’s area, which in modern humans has links to speech production. In this part of our brains, the pattern of gyri and sulci is very different from that seen in chimpanzees. H. naledi seems to have had our pattern, even though as an adult its BA45 was not much larger than that of a chimpanzee. 

“You look at the naledi cast and you think – holy crap this is just a tiny human,” says Hawks.

Team member Shawn Hurst of Indiana University in Bloomington discussed the findings at a meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists in New Orleans last week. “I would think the implication is that [H. naledi] was moving strongly towards enhanced communication,” he says.
Hurst adds that there is also evidence for a general expansion of the bottom surface of the frontal lobes – a region associated with higher emotions like empathy. Together, these observations might help to explain why groups of the small-brained hominin could have become interested in careful disposal of their dead, and how they could work together to transport bodies through the narrow and pitch-black cave system that led to the burial chamber.

The Lunate Sulcus by Ralph Holloway

Ralph Holloway is an endocast specialist who studies the inside skull to determine brain development of hominins. He also investigated the skull of Salam (3.3 Ma; 400cc; Ethiopia) and discovered the three years old child's brain was already rewired and different from chimps. The lunate sulcus marking vision structures had moved back on the skull making place for a larger neo cortex. So Salam was already more intelligent than chimps with 400cc brains:


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