Saturday, 4 February 2017

(144) Homo naledi, the raped species

Basic Dimension 

Number Archive

(190) Australopithecus interbred with Homo sapiens?

[Anyway, they definitely are half Australopithecus, which dates from 2.5 - 7 million years ago. This means half their genes are old and half are young. So, they still might have been evolved in the developmental stage of Rebirth. They likely survived for millions of years. Just learned Hominin subspecies do not change much in evolution after they are established.]

Assumption 282: Homo naledi is a hybrid between Australopithecus and more advanced hominins. According to the male kin bonded inbreeding theory, fertilization of alien females was only permitted if they were held outside the tribe. Because more advanced hominins had longer legs and could run faster, they made it a sport to rape Australopiths in the open. But if this is true then Homo naledi evolved into real hominins already within several millennia. Then the species found in Dinaledi chamber must be a temporary and transitional form. And that means there must be an upper limit to the existence of this hybrid. Then, they cannot be younger than about two million years.

If Australopiths were really raped for thousands of years then their adaptation would not be random but systematic. Then, animals with the longest legs would survive longest. On the other hand it is not known what effect only some interbreeding would have had. So, are the humanlike and long extremities formed by lifestyle or are they the result of instantaneous interbreeding.

How the inbreeding culture started

First bipedal humanlike creatures were forced by physical segregation into a sexual culture of inbreeding and incest. Groups disappeared behind the horizon and lost sight of each other. They were too slow to fill the distance gaps to exchange juvenile females to prevent autosomal recessive disorders and so many groups must have died out. It started about 7 million years ago:

BTW, this is exactly how Neanderthals (600 ka; 1600cc) died out 25,000 ya:

Caused by the ice age forests shrunk from which they got their meat and distances between groups became too large to exchange juvenile females any longer.

For steering and controlling the inbreeding culture the Homininae (7 Ma; 400cc) inspected the first order time derivative of the inbreeding curve. On this basis they decided to less inbreeding if the curve was too steep and more inbreeding if it fell too fast. This decision is called 'religion' and was made by the tribal head. The main purpose of the inbreeding culture was the idealistic goal to lead the tribe to eternal genetic survival: genetic immortality in descendants in the male lineage. They accepted individuals would not survive.

The effect of this ideology of male kin bonded tribal self esteem was uncontrolled outbreeding would cause damage to tribal identity. So, only if God, the Alpha male or the tribal head ordered to capture and rape alien females it was allowed to do so. This is defined as 'religious wars'. Then tribal heads decided to keep captured women as slaves and possibly accepted their male kin bonded offspring as fresh genes into the tribe, or they killed them. It all depended on the will of 'God'. But God could also decide to chase and rape inferior Australopiths just for fun, what must have been done for about a million years.

From 7-3 million years ago all Australopithecines looked as bipedal apes and might be recognized as the same species. 

But then more advanced hominins developed:

Differences became too big and hominin tribal identity would be ruined by combinations of Handyman with inferior Australopithecus Sediba:

Although it must be said Australopithecus Sediba was already half way messed up with more advanced hominins, just like Homo naledi:

So, already long ago hominins must have felt above mentioned crossings come down to bestiality. Therefore they raped Australopiths as nowadays Arab Muslims rape sheep, goats and donkeys. They all fell beyond the inbreeding system and were for free.

The age of Homo naledi and associated sediments in the Rising Star Cave, South Africa


New ages for flowstone, sediments and fossil bones from the Dinaledi Chamber are presented. We combined optically stimulated luminescence dating of sediments with U-Th and palaeomagnetic analyses of flowstones to establish that all sediments containing Homo naledi fossils can be allocated to a single stratigraphic entity (sub-unit 3b), interpreted to be deposited between 236 ka and 414 ka. This result has been confirmed independently by dating three H. naledi teeth with combined U-series and electron spin resonance (US-ESR) dating. Two dating scenarios for the fossils were tested by varying the assumed levels of 222Rn loss in the encasing sediments: a maximum age scenario provides an average age for the two least altered fossil teeth of 253 +82/–70 ka, whilst a minimum age scenario yields an average age of 200 +70/–61 ka. We consider the maximum age scenario to more closely reflect conditions in the cave, and therefore, the true age of the fossils. By combining the US-ESR maximum age estimate obtained from the teeth, with the U-Th age for the oldest flowstone overlying Homo naledi fossils, we have constrained the depositional age of Homo naledi to a period between 236 ka and 335 ka. These age results demonstrate that a morphologically primitive hominin, Homo naledi, survived into the later parts of the Pleistocene in Africa, and indicate a much younger age for the Homo naledi fossils than have previously been hypothesized based on their morphology.

How do you figure out a fossil’s age? (By John Hawks)

We applied six different methods. The most valuable of these were electron spin resonance (ESR) dating, and uranium-thorium (U-Th) dating. ESR relies on the fact that teeth contain tiny crystals, and the electron energy in these crystals is affected by natural radiation in the ground over long periods of time after fossils are buried. U-Th relies on the fact that water drips into caves and forms layers of calcite, which contain traces of uranium. The radioactive fraction of uranium decays into thorium slowly over time. So the proportion of thorium compared to uranium gives an estimate of the time since the calcite layers formed. One of these calcite deposits, called a flowstone, formed above the H. naledi fossils in the Dinaledi Chamber. That flowstone helps to establish the minimum age: the fossils must be older than the flowstone above them.


This work is licenced under a Creative Commons Attibution-Non Commercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International Licence.

No comments:

Post a Comment