Sunday, 5 February 2017

(145) Homo naledi, the inferior species

Basic Dimension 

Number Archive

(190) Australopithecus interbred with Homo sapiens?
[Anyway, they definitely are half Australopithecus, which dates from 2.5 - 7 million years ago. This means half their genes are old and half are young. So, they still might have been evolved in the developmental stage of Rebirth. They likely survived for millions of years. Just learned Hominin subspecies do not change much in evolution after they are established.]

Assumption 282: Homo naledi is a hybrid between Australopithecus and more advanced hominins. According to the male kin bonded inbreeding theory, fertilization of alien females was only permitted if they were held outside the tribe. Because more advanced hominins had longer legs and could run faster, they made it a sport to rape Australopiths in the open. But if this is true then Homo naledi evolved into real hominins already within several millennia. Then the species found in Dinaledi chamber must be a temporary and transitional form. And that means there must be an upper limit to the existence of this hybrid. Then, they cannot be younger than about two million years.

Homo naledi (2,3 Ma ?; 550cc) and Australopithecus Sediba (1,95 Ma; 400cc) were hybrids between Australopiths (7 Ma; 400cc) and more advanced hominins (2,8 Ma; 700cc):

They were hybrids because their Australopithecus ancestors were chased and raped by more advanced hominins for about a million years between 2 and 3 million years ago.

In the inbreeding ideology of male kin bonded tribal self esteem uncontrolled outbreeding was unacceptable and would cause damage to tribal identity. So, only God or the tribal head could order the capture of alien females. This is defined as 'religious wars'. Then tribal heads decided to keep captured females as slaves and possibly accepted their male kin bonded offspring as fresh genes into the tribe, or they killed them. It all depended on the will of 'God'. But God could also decide to chase and rape inferior Australopiths just for fun, what must have been done for about a million years.

From 7-3 million years ago all Australopithecines looked like bipedal apes and might be recognized as the same species: 

But around 2 million years ago differences between sub-species became too big to accept interbreeding and hominin tribal identity would be ruined by combinations of Handyman with inferior Australopithecus Sediba or Homo naledi.

So around 2 million years ago Homo erectus (2 Ma; 900cc) decided they could be better eaten after rape. So the last traces of Australopiths disappeared into the stomachs of Homo erectus. 

Meanwhile this development hybrids became tremendously terrified from Homo erectus as most animals are extremely afraid of us, and that not without reason.

But hybrids were lucky since they were much better climbers than those clumsy Handyman and they mostly saved their lives in trees and in difficult rocky terrain. 
And because they were so small they still had another advantage. They could hide in caves where fat and clumsy hominins could never come. So we learn to find hybrids in cave systems too small for more advanced hominins. And in case of danger they rushed into their caves and kept their mouth shut. 

And so they specialized as underground astronauts. They discovered places where we normally never come. Also they developed superb eye side in the dark and learned to lay sticks and to connect ropes there were never had been any outside light. They had much better eyesight in the dark and still some radar which is used by apes high in the trees at night. They learned to remove the sticks and ropes so more advanced hominins could never find them.

And at nights they left their holes to pull roots out of the ground and to grab fruit from the trees. But their most outstanding quality was more advanced hominins never knew where they were. But if they were found they were raped and eaten. And raped females which somehow survived gave birth to more and more advanced hominins.

Cave rebirth without finding bodily remnants

If you put your deceased ancestors in places where you never can find them back, then you are led to believe they are reborn. Otherwise it must be reincarnation. Homo naledi was unknown with the concept of reincarnation.

Homo naledi developed already real emphatic feelings and can be compared with bonobos. They were much more civilized than Homo erectus. 

And they were already far evolved in thinking about life and dead, because they were an endangered species. They were so civilized that they must be extinct since we see no descendants from them in our culture. We simply are not civilized enough...

Only if you split yourself into your body and soul, your soul can be reborn into another body; otherwise you must be reborn into yourself.

From animal development we can derive a logical path leading to the soul in the human world:

If religion comes from the animal world then we must wonder what concept animals have about death. Above all, we must try to think into their logic. The first question is: Does the brain of higher mammals consider death as a fait accompli or as a twilight zone between life and death? Well, death looks an irreversible fact but at the same time there could be a twilight zone. For animals death is not absolute if the body is still intact, as we also cannot believe our beloved really died. We would not be too surprised if he stood up again and walked away:

Rebirth in Dinaledi chamber

So we infer that deceased individuals - which are not yet torn to pieces - are able to renew their bodies in the hidden underworld of well-connected cave systems and grow up again as young plants out of the soil. They eventually become new baby offspring in their own bodies. Reincarnation is not needed and burials in the Rising Star Cave are explained:

- But we also know the underworld in Greek mythology. Homo naledi knew a lot from caves and possibly got the idea a complete underworld existed in the underground connected by all caves he knew. He also knew all life finally started from the soil. So, he knew it was the underworld which was life giving
Homo naledi possibly assumed the giant Rising Star Cave somehow was the holy entrance to new life far beneath the surface of the earth. And the harrowing shark-mouth chute, the 12 meter deep funnel to Dinaledi chamber was the actual access to that world. This was the big mouth to the underworld and so they threw their deceased right into their next life. Just like Hindus throw their dead into the Ganges. It was the first form of rebirth without splitting body and soul.

Now remember, the chute is 12 meter deep and Homo naledi likely didn't check the decomposition of the bodies. Very likely, they never went down into de chute themselves because they thought the chute was the secret entrance of the dead into the underworld, there where all life begins and will be reborn. And they were able to proof this, because some of them ever stumbled into this chute and indeed, they fell into the underworld, crying and screaming till they died. Luckily they were on the right spot...

But there also is a very simple explanation. Be thrown into the chute could be the execution of the death penalty or the sacrifice of prisoners to the gods of the underworld. But in case of death penalty serious head injuries and broken bones were to be expected. Men would be over-represented. This is not the case.

And in case of sacrifice some kind of rope materials would be uses and probably also other offerings for the gods would be thrown into the chute. Children would be over-represented, what is not the case.

And since the 15 individuals found were from younger and older age, the existence of a cemetery is most likely.
Dirks et al.:  'it also appears that the bodies were intact when they arrived in the chamber, and then started to decompose.'

The Rising Star Cave might show us the circle of life of animals, the circle of life of Australopithecus.

The age of Homo naledi and associated sediments in the Rising Star Cave, South Africa


New ages for flowstone, sediments and fossil bones from the Dinaledi Chamber are presented. We combined optically stimulated luminescence dating of sediments with U-Th and palaeomagnetic analyses of flowstones to establish that all sediments containing Homo naledi fossils can be allocated to a single stratigraphic entity (sub-unit 3b), interpreted to be deposited between 236 ka and 414 ka. This result has been confirmed independently by dating three H. naledi teeth with combined U-series and electron spin resonance (US-ESR) dating. Two dating scenarios for the fossils were tested by varying the assumed levels of 222Rn loss in the encasing sediments: a maximum age scenario provides an average age for the two least altered fossil teeth of 253 +82/–70 ka, whilst a minimum age scenario yields an average age of 200 +70/–61 ka. We consider the maximum age scenario to more closely reflect conditions in the cave, and therefore, the true age of the fossils. By combining the US-ESR maximum age estimate obtained from the teeth, with the U-Th age for the oldest flowstone overlying Homo naledi fossils, we have constrained the depositional age of Homo naledi to a period between 236 ka and 335 ka. These age results demonstrate that a morphologically primitive hominin, Homo naledi, survived into the later parts of the Pleistocene in Africa, and indicate a much younger age for the Homo naledi fossils than have previously been hypothesized based on their morphology.

How do you figure out a fossil’s age? (By John Hawks)

We applied six different methods. The most valuable of these were electron spin resonance (ESR) dating, and uranium-thorium (U-Th) dating. ESR relies on the fact that teeth contain tiny crystals, and the electron energy in these crystals is affected by natural radiation in the ground over long periods of time after fossils are buried. U-Th relies on the fact that water drips into caves and forms layers of calcite, which contain traces of uranium. The radioactive fraction of uranium decays into thorium slowly over time. So the proportion of thorium compared to uranium gives an estimate of the time since the calcite layers formed. One of these calcite deposits, called a flowstone, formed above the H. naledi fossils in the Dinaledi Chamber. That flowstone helps to establish the minimum age: the fossils must be older than the flowstone above them.


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